Microsoft Fabric Workspace & SQL Permissions Guide
Microsoft Fabric
Nov 5, 2023 2:45 PM

Microsoft Fabric Workspace & SQL Permissions Guide

by HubSite 365 about Azure Synapse Analytics

Data AnalyticsMicrosoft FabricLearning Selection

Explore the intricacies of managing permissions in Microsoft Fabric Workspace and SQL for enhanced data security and user-level controls.

Understanding Permissions and Data Accessibility in Microsoft Fabric Workspace and SQL

The YouTube video produced by "Azure Synapse Analytics" specifically showcases how Microsoft Fabric Workspace and SQL handle permissions and data accessibility. Structuring access to sensitive data is vital, this setup involves role definitions, access levels, and permission assignments. Detailed is how relevant roles aid in job operation while robust measures for authorization and authentication are outlined. The video thoroughly touches on the topic of object-level security for SQL Endpoint within the Lakehouse.

Key workspace roles include 'Admin', 'Member', 'Contributor', and 'Viewer'. 'Admin' and 'Member' roles grant CONTROL access for each Warehouse and SQL Endpoint, allowing full read/write permissions with the capacity to manage granular user SQL permissions. Possession of 'Viewer' role, on the other hand, permits a user to connect and read data for each Warehouse and SQL Endpoint. Detailed procedures to manage SQL granular permissions are touched upon.

Share your warehouse and manage permissions
The Manage permissions page shows the list of users who have been given access by either assigning to Workspace roles or item permissions. If you are an Admin ...
SQL granular permissions - Microsoft Fabric
Oct 12, 2023 — In order for a user to connect to the database, the user must be assigned to a Workspace role or assigned the item Read permission.

The video demonstrates the process of sharing a warehouse with another user in a Fabric workspace. It involves selecting a warehouse, assigning permissions and granting access to the chosen user.

The permissions provided range from 'Read' permission(the default), 'ReadData', 'ReadAll', and 'Build'. With 'Read' permission, the shared recipient has the equivalent of CONNECT permissions in SQL Server, enabling connection to the SQL Endpoint but no table queries or view executions unless access is granted. 'ReadData' empowers the shared recipient to access all the Warehouse's database objects, akin to a db_datareader role in SQL Server. In contrast, 'ReadAll' permits the shared recipient to read the underlying parquet files in OneLake, accessed using Spark. The 'Build' permission targets report building atop the connected default dataset. The video explains that each permission level offers a different level of accessibility and functionality, and thus should be granted considering the user's role and data access needs.

General Insight on Permissions and Data Accessibility in Data Management Solutions

Effective and secure data management is pivotal in modern digital workplaces. Permissions and access levels are tools that determine how users interact with data, ensuring optimal operational efficiency without compromising security. With specific application to cloud-based platforms like Microsoft Fabric, understanding their unique approach to permissions and user roles goes a long way in maximizing their potential. As companies continue to become more data-driven, creating the right balance of accessibility, security, and regulatory compliance within workspace can introduce transformative operational changes.


Permissions in Microsoft Fabric Workspace and SQL

In this Microsoft Fabric educational excursion, we dig into the permissions and access, an essential aspect of data management. Having a clear understanding of the different access levels and permissions is crucial for effectively controlling and governing data. We will explore access levels such as user roles, job-specific permissions, and robust validation mechanisms. By the end of this discussion, security for your Lakehouse and SQL Endpoint shouldn’t seem so daunting anymore.

Within the Fabric ecosystem, several Workspace roles are available, each with different access levels. Roles such as Admin, Member, Contributor, and Viewer, help define who can access your data and what they can do with it. These roles dictate who has CONTROL access for each Warehouse and SQL Endpoint within the Workspace. The Viewer role, for example, only grants CONNECT and ReadData permissions; great for users who only need to view data.

To share a Warehouse in your Fabric ecosystem, identify the Warehouse you want to share and select Share. There are options for who you want to share it with, the permissions you want to assign them, and whether you want them to be notified via email. Afterwards, you need to Grant access, providing them with the chosen permissions. Be sure to select your options carefully to ensure your data remains secure.

The type of permission you grant to your users can significantly impact how they interact with the data. Take, for instance, the "Read" permission, which is granted by default if no additional options are selected. This permission only allows the user to connect with the SQL Endpoint but doesn't permit for table or view queries. However, using the T-SQL GRANT statement, you can provide access to objects within the Warehouse.

Other permissions options such as "ReadData," "ReadAll," and "Build," provide users with extended access. For example, if the "Read all data using SQL" (or "ReadData") permission is granted, the recipient can access all database objects within the Warehouse. "Read all data using Apache Spark" ("ReadAll") permission gives users access to parquet files in OneLake, which can be used with Spark. Lastly, with "Build" permissions, users can create reports on top of the default dataset connected to your Warehouse.

So, how do the shared recipients accept these new permissions? Once they receive an email notifying them of the shared Warehouse, they can select Open and navigate to the Warehouse Data Hub page. The access they are granted will, of course, depend on the permissions they have been provided.

Gaining complete mastery over Microsoft Fabric's permissions and access is absolutely achievable. What is crucial is understanding the different roles and permissions available, and knowing when and how to use them. Doing so will allow you to effectively and confidently manage your data.


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