Conditional Access Policies (CAPs) are an important feature of Microsoft Azure security. They allow administrators to control access to resources based on user identity, device state, and other factors. CAPs are used to protect data and systems from malicious actors and unauthorized access. When multiple CAPs are applied to a user or system, it can be difficult to determine which policy applies and how to resolve conflicts. This article will review what happens when multiple CAPs are applied, discuss policy definitions, and provide an example of policy matching.
When multiple CAPs are applied, the system will apply the policy with the most specific criteria first. This means that if two policies have the same criteria, but one is more specific (e.g. device type, user group, etc.), then the more specific policy will be applied first. In addition, policies are applied in order from least to most specific, meaning that if two policies have different criteria, but one is more specific, then the more specific policy will be applied first.
Policy definitions are important when determining how CAPs are applied. A policy definition is a set of rules that define how a CAP will be applied. These rules can include the conditions that must be met for a policy to be applied, the user or system identity that applies, and which resources are affected. Policies can also be combined to create more complex rules, such as allowing access to certain resources only if multiple conditions are met.
When evaluating multiple policies, it is important to understand how policy matching works. Policy matching is the process of determining which policy applies to a user or system based on the criteria that have been specified. For example, if two policies have the same criteria but one is more specific, then the more specific policy will be applied. It is important to understand that policy matching is not an exact science, as there may be multiple policies that apply to a given situation.
When multiple CAPs are applied, it is important to check which policy is actually being applied. This can be done by looking at the list of policies that are associated with the user or system in question. This will allow administrators to quickly identify any conflicts or discrepancies in how policies are being applied. Once identified, administrators can then take steps to resolve any issues.
In summary, when multiple Conditional Access Policies are applied, it is important to understand how the policies are evaluated and how they interact with each other. Policy definitions are important for determining which policy applies, while policy matching is used to determine which policy is actually being applied. Finally, it is important to check which policies are actually being applied to ensure that the correct policy is in place and that any conflicts are resolved.
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